The term bio-medical wastes is used to describe wastes generated in diagnostic, treatment and immunization activities for humans or animals as well as in testing or research activities related to biological specimens. The term biological specimens refers to any product made of organisms, microorganisms, or products of metabolic and biochemical reactions that are intended for diagnosis, treatment or immunization of humans or animals. Check this out!
The waste generated in health care includes many different materials. These include used syringes and needles as well as soiled dressings. Other materials are blood, diagnostic samples and chemicals. A poor management of medical waste can expose health workers, waste handlers and patients to infections, injuries and toxic effects. It also poses a risk for pollution. All medical waste must be segregated, treated appropriately and disposed safely. Dioxins, furans, and other air pollutants can be released when wastes or plastics containing polyvinylchloride (PVC), are burned at low temperatures. As a result of industrial processes such as the burning of polyvinylchloride wastes, toxic chemicals like dioxins and furans, co-planar pcbs can be produced. As a result, dioxins are produced, as well as co-planar and bottom PCBs.
It is possible to dispose of medical waste safely in rural or large facilities, provided that the infrastructure has been properly maintained. WHO estimates that in 2000, contaminated injections using contaminated syringes caused at least 21 million new hepatitis B viruses (HBV), 2 million new hepatitis B C virus infections (HCV), and at the very least 260000 new HIV infections. A WHO survey conducted in 2002 revealed that between 18% and 64% of facilities used improper waste disposal.